Heraldic Display Competition at Mudthaw



Break out your banners, surcoats, shields and pennons! With the kind
permission of Their Excellencies Erec and Jehannine, at Mudthaw, in
Settmour Swamp, on April 2nd, there will be a Herald Display
competition. Full rules to come shortly.

Note that there will be a judging category for artists under the age
of 16, as well as judging categories for various levels of experience.
The focus of the judging is going to be on the heraldry, with extra
points being given for displayed heraldry that is more period in

— Mistress Alys Mackyntoich, competition coordinator

Filed under: Heraldry Tagged: competition, heraldry, mudthaw, Settmour Swamp

Unofficial Court Report: King’s & Queen’s Arts & Sciences Championship



Their Majesties of the East, Brennan Ri and Caoilfhionn Banri did travel this Saturday, 6 February AS L, to the Shire of Barren Sands. There they did hold their King’s and Queen’s Arts and Sciences Championship.The competition and judging complete, Their Majesties, accompanied by Their Highnesses Kenric and Avelina, did call a court.

It began when Her Majesty called forth her champion of Arts and Sciences, Agatha Wanderer. She thanked her for her time as champion, relieved her of the regalia, and then named Elisabeth “Lyssa” Underhill the new Queen’s Champion of Arts and Sciences. Lyssa received the regalia and a scroll by Elen Alswyth of Eriskay.

His Majesty called forth his champion of Arts and Sciences, Naomi bat Avraham. He thanked her for her time as champion, relieved her of the regalia, and then named Magnus hvalmagi the new King’s Champion of Arts and Sciences.

The Princess Royal, Courtney Rose, was called into the court to make a presentation to one she had chosen to recognize. Thus was Nero Camulus called before the court. He was presented with tokens and a scroll by the hand of the Princess Royal herself.

Next were the kids who participated in Her Majesties’ Children’s Service initiative called forth. Emma, Caleb, Caitlin and Courtney all received tokens for their service.

The rest of the children in attendance were called into court. It was decided that Aethelthyrth Kenricing should run with the toybox, to the delight of all those in attendance.

Their Majesties Brennan Ri and Caoilfhionn Banri did call before their court Chartye Dale. They spoke of her service and her hard work, and then named her a Baroness of their court, Granting her Arms. She received a coronet and a scroll by Rhonwen Glyn Conwy.

Next Their Majesties called into their court Ellynor Redpath. They Awarded her Arms, presenting her a scroll by Constance de St. Denis with words by Charitye Dale. Further, Her Majesty presented to Ellynor the glove of the Queen’s Order of Courtesy.

Her Majesty Caoilfhionn Banri called into court Ciaran Ua Meic Thire. She spoke of his great service and kindness, and presented him with the glove of the Queen’s Order of Courtesy.

Their Majesties called forth the Seneschal of Barren Sands. She presented them with a gift from the people of the Shire.

Their Majesties invited into their court the companions of the Order of the Silver Brooch. They called forth Nero Camulus, and inducted him into the order. He received a medallion and a scroll featuring calligraphy by Nest verch Tangwistel and illumination by Elizabeth Eleanor Lovell.

The Order not yet complete, Isabel du Royse was called forward. She was inducted into the Order of the Silver Brooch, presented a medallion of the order and a scroll with calligraphy by Jonathan Blaecstan and illumination by Lillian atte Valeye.

Their Majesties welcomed into their court all those attending their first, second or third event. The newcomers received tokens and thanked for their attendance.

Brennan Ri and Caoilfhionn Banri called into court Kamejima Takauji. He was thus made a Lord of the Court and Awarded Arms, and received a scroll by Magdalena von Kirschberg.

Next was Anna Vitalis called before the court. She was made a Lady of the Court and Awarded Arms, receiving a scroll by Svea the Shortshighted.

Her Majesty called forward Liadin ingen Chineada. Her courtesy highly regarded, Queen Caoilfhionn presented the glove of the Queen’s Order of Courtesy to Liadin.

Their Majesties called before their court Griffith Davion. Speaking of his long service, they invited to attend them the companions of the Order of the Silver Wheel. Griffith was inducted into the order and presented a medallion as well as a scroll by Caitriona inghean Sheamuis.

The Order still incomplete, Their Majesties called into court Alexis of Woods End. She was inducted into the Order of the Silver Wheel, presented with a medallion and a scroll by Robert of Stonemarch with words by Harold von Auerbach.

Their Majesties continued with the Order of the Silver Wheel, and called forth Aibhilin Inghean ui Phaidin. She was inducted into the order, presented a medallion and a scroll by Marieta Charay.

Their Majesties had one more for their new service order that day, and called forth Agapios Cargos. They inducted him into the Order of the Silver Wheel and presented him a medallion and a scroll by Aesa Lokabrenna Sturladottir.

Brennan Ri and Caoilfhionn Banri called into their court Naomi bat Avraham. They spoke of her art, and called forth the Order of the Laurel. Naomi received a writ to consider elevation to the Order, and received a scroll by Palotzi Marti.

Their Majesties called into their court Bran MacAirt. He was made a Lord of the Court, and Awarded Arms. He was presented with a scroll by Aziza al Shirazi. But Their Majesties were not done with Bran, and they further inducted him into the Order of the Silver Tyger for his fighting prowess.

Next was called into the court of Their Majesties Elena Hylton. They spoke of her arts, and called forth the companions of the Order of the Maunche. Elena received a medallion of the order, and was presented a scroll by Lada Monguligin.

The Order not complete, Their Majesties called forth Kathryn Kit Mercer. She was inducted into the order and presented a medallion of the order, and received a scroll by Katrusha Skomorokh which included a Sonnet by Tristan le Chanticler.

The Order of the Maunche not yet complete, Their Majesties invited before them Ulfgeirr Ragnarrson. He was presented the medallion of the order, and a stone with illumination by Aesa feilinn Jossursdottir, words by Anne of Framlingham and Runes translated by Avaldr Valbjarnarson.

King Brennan and Queen Caoilfhionn called before them Elisabeth Underhill. At the start of the day she had been put on vigil, and now answered the question before her in the affirmative. The Order of the Laurel was called forth. Lyssa was elevated to the Order, receiving a medallion and other regalia, and a scroll by Isabel Chamberlaine with words by Grimm the Skald.

Thus it was the court of Their Majesties came to its conclusion. It had been a wonderful day of presentations from the talented artisans of the Kingdom of the East.


Malcolm Bowman, Eastern Crown Herald

A thank you to the Heraldic staff for the day: Alys Mackyntoich, Anastasia del Monte and Liadin ingen Chineada.







Filed under: Arts and Sciences, Court Tagged: Arts and Sciences, champions, court, court report, Kings and Queens Champion, Kings and Queens Champions, royal court

EK Rapier Tourney Sought for SCA 50 Year Celebration



   Greetings to the mighty Kingdom of the East from Master Frasier MacLeod, Kingdom Rapier Marshal,
     The SCA’s 50th Year Celebration is rapidly approaching, and there is much to be done! I have been asked by Master Robert MacPharland, coordinator of Rapier Activities at 50 Year if the East is planning on sponsoring any Rapier tournaments this year. I will sadly not be able to attend 50 Year, but if someone who is wants to step up and sponsor a tournament for the East Kingdom, I would be first to encourage it! So, with that in mind, if someone would like to sponsor a tournament, please contact Master Robert at Rapier@sca50year.org and let him know! This NEEDS to be done by the end of this week, likely Friday the 12th or Saturday the 13th. So, please Please PLEASE get in touch with Master Robert and make the East proud!
     In Service,
         Master Frasier MacLeod, KRM, East

Filed under: Uncategorized

Urgently needed – Applicants for the Position of Kingdom Chronicler



badge ChroniclerMy current term ends on 12 April, just after Coronation, and as I will have held the position for four years at that time, a replacement is required by East Kingdom Law.

The initial advertisement for applicants at the beginning of January did not result in a resume which Their Highnesses felt comfortable accepting for the position, so they have directed me to extend the application period. Resumes will be accepted until 29 February.

The job consists of two major tasks:

  • Getting Pikestaff assembled and sent to the SCA Publications Director every month, on time, no exceptions, not even for Pennsic. If you can’t meet a deadline regularly, this is not the job for you.
  • Overseeing the efforts of local chroniclers in those groups which have newsletters of their own.

Pikestaff requires some specific skills:

  • The ability to use a layout program to create the issue. It must be able to produce a high-resolution PDF file. The Office owns two licenses for Adobe InDesign, but you are not required to use them if you are comfortable with a different tool that will let you produce the PDF output.
  • A solid grasp of English – grammar, spelling, etc. so that you can notice and correct problems when proofreading the issue. The job requires almost no actual writing.

Newsflash! You don’t have to do everything yourself. You can have as many deputies as you can find volunteers for, and should absolutely have at least one working deputy, as well as an emergency deputy in case something happens to prevent you from fulfilling the office. Some options:

  • A layout editor – I’ve been fortunate to have Countess Alethea doing the bulk of the work on the newsletter layout for me. I make minor adjustments, proofread, and add last minute updates. (And no, she doesn’t come with the office – she’s been doing this for me and my predecessor before me, and she’s ready for a break).
  • Regional deputies to handle oversight and reporting by local chroniclers. (I didn’t do this – if I were starting over now I would. I recommend it highly).
  • A web deputy. The Chronicler’s website could be a much better resource than I’ve made it. If you don’t have HTML skills, the EK Webminister’s office will assist you in finding someone to do this.
  • An art director – Pikestaff needs art every month, and unlike most of the content, you have to seek out people for this. It doesn’t just appear spontaneously.

There are some things you don’t have to do. You don’t have to worry about financial records. If you have expenses, which are generally minimal, you submit receipts for them to the EK Exchequer, and will be reimbursed. The office has a budget for things like postage, printer cartridges, office supplies, etc.

You also have no responsibilities whatsoever regarding printing or mailing of Pikestaff. You email the PDF to the Publications Director, and you’re done. Everything from there is handled by her office.

Last, and this almost goes without saying, but I want to be complete, it requires the same general skills as any other Kingdom level office – reliable internet so you can check the office mailbox frequently (almost all correspondence is electronic), being conscientious about answering your email, and making a reasonable attempt to attend Coronations and Kingdom Curias. Also you need to be familiar with the policies of your corporate superior, and follow them.

If you’re potentially interested but have questions, please contact me informally at chronicler@eastkingdom.org. When you’re ready, submit a letter stating your desire to apply for the job, a copy of your SCA resume, and a copy of your modern resume, to myself (chronicler@eastkingdom.org) and to Their Highnesses (prince@eastkingdom.org and princess@eastkingdom.org). I encourage you to include details of your plans (what type of deputies, etc.) in the letter.

Mistress A’isha bint Jamil

East Kingdom Chronicler

Filed under: Uncategorized Tagged: Chronicler, help wanted

Unofficial Birka Court Report



Being the Court of Their Majesties Brennan Ri and Caoilfhionn Banri held on January 30, A.S. L (2016)

in the Barony of Stonemarche at A Market Day at Birka

Court Heralds: Malcolm Bowman, Ryan MacWhyte, Mylisant Grey, Alys Mackyntoich, Lucien de Pontivy, Aildreda de Tamworthe, Grimm the Skald, Kayleigh MacWhyte, Maria von Ossenheim, Lucien de Wyntere, Yehuda ben Moshe, Liadin ingen Chineada, Eginhard d’Aix la Chapelle, Kirsa Oyutai, Simona bat Leone

Reporting Herald: Malcolm Bowman

Olaf Haraldson, Writ for Pelican.

Catalina de Valencia, Silver Rapier. Scroll by: Mariette de Bretagne

Grimm the Skald, Silver Rapier. Scroll by: Shadiyah Al-Zhara

Gabriel Roberts, Silver Rapier. Scroll by: Xandra Rozina Xiberras Galea

Eadgyth aet Staeningum- Silver Crescent. Scroll by: Sorcha Dhocair inghean Uí Ruairc, W: Colin MacKenzie

Valerian of Somerset, Tygers Combatant. Scroll by: C&I: Lada Monguligan Frame: Mongo Chinua Glass: Conor O Ceallaigh

Baptiste O’Brien, Tygers Combatant. Scroll by: Jonathan Blaecstan W: Nest verch Tangwistel French: Kirsa Oyutai

Harkin mac Tighearnan, Tygers Combatant. Scroll by: Robert dwe Makminne & Emma Makilmone; W: Tommaltach MacFiachoch

Benedict Hope, Award of Arms. Scroll by: Aaradyn Ghyoot

Ban of Wintermoor, Award of Arms. Scroll by: C: Faolán an Screcain I &W: Aislinn Chiabach

Keagan MacKeagan Award of Arms. Scroll by: I& W: Leonete d’Angely C: Nataliia Anastasia Evgenova

Allerick van den Broeke, Award of Arms. Scroll by: Fiona O’Maille ó Chaun Coille

Kirsa Oyuta, Silver Wheel. Scroll by: Katherine Stanhope French: Godfroy de Falaise English: Deidre Ruadh Inghean Mhic an Mhadaidh

Medhbh ingean ui Cheallaigh, Silver Wheel. Scroll by: Mergriet van Wijenhorst

Þory VeÞardottir, Award of Arms. Scroll by: Cassandra Arquest de Northumbria

Cherrl de la Rouche, Award of Arms. Scroll by: I: Yzabell du Perche C:Nest verch Tangwistel

Orso Tano de Firenze, Award of Arms. Scroll by: Sorcha Dhocair inghean Uí Ruairc W: Ulrich Reinhart

Duncan Fletcher, Award of Arms. Scroll by: Juliote de Castlenou D’Arry

Cassandra Hobbes, Silver Crescent. Scroll by: Xandra Rozina Xiberras Galea

Ro Honig von Summerfeldt, Silver Crescent. Scroll by: Christiana Crane

Margurite de Gui, Silver Crescent. Scroll by: Alisay de Falaise

Brita Mairi Svensdottir, Augmentation of Arms. Scroll by: I&C: Elsa de Lyon W: Anastasia Guta

Cathain, Apollo’s Arrow (w/Award of Arms). Scroll by: Aleksei Dmitriev

Temyl zwie Breuken, Award of Arms. Scroll by: I: Lorita de Siena C: Faolán an Screcain German: Udalrich Schermer

Marjorie Parmentar, Award of Arms. Scroll by: I: Lorita de Siena C: Faolán an Screcain French: Nathalie Royne/Kirsa Oyutai

Analeda Falconbridge, Laurel. Scroll By: I: Camille des Jardins C: Alexandre St. Pierre W: Lucien de Pontivy & Aildreda de Tamworthe

Adrienne d’eureaux, Silver Brooch. Scroll by: Alexandre St. pierre

Christiana Crane, Maunche. Scroll by: Edward Mac Gyver dos Scorpus W: Analeda Falconbridge

Anastasia Guta, Maunche. Scroll by: I: Thyra Eiriksdottir W: Alys Mackyntoich

Kristin Alarsdottir, Award of Arms. Scroll by: Camille des Jardins

Sunnifa Heiriksdottir, Writ for Laurel. Scroll by: Nest verch Tangwistel

Lijsbet van Catwic, Award of Arms. Scroll by: Nyfain merch Cohel

Anna Ophelia Tarragon, Tyger of the East. Scroll by: Alexandre St. Pierre W: Adrienne d’eureaux Latin: Steffan ap Kennydd

Hrafyn Bonesetter, Chivalry. Scroll by: Stone: Olaf Haraldson W: Aife Chonchobair in Derthaige

Court was also attended by Their Highnesses Prince Kenric and Princess

Avelina, Their Majesties Emperor Magnus Tindal and Empress Etain of

Æthelmearc, and Her Highness Princess Thora of Atlantia.

Mercedes Vera de Calafia, East Kingdom Seneschal, announced that

Midland Vale had completed all requirements and is now officially a Shire.

West Kingdom Chancellor Minor Jolie De la rue presented a gift of toys for

the Royal Toybox created by other children.

Lucan von Drachenklaue was re-belted by Her Majesty and swore fealty.

Thirty-seven newcomers presented themselves when called into court.

Please note – all Tygers Combatant, Maunches and Silver Crescents now bestow a

Grant of Arms to their recipients (if they do not already have one).

Filed under: Court Tagged: a market day at birka, court report

Arts & Sciences Research Paper #6: The Perception of Greek Women through Archaic and Classical Liter



Our sixth A&S Research Paper comes to us from Hypatissa Anna Dokeianina Syrakousina, of the Barony of Stonemarche; she is using the lens of literature to further our understanding of the perception of Greek women in history. (Prospective future contributors, please check out our original Call for Papers.)

Good Wife; Bad Wife:  The Perception of Greek Women through Archaic and Classical Literature

There is a great deal to be learned about previous cultures through the literary evidence they have left behind. In the case of the early Greeks, classicists and historians have a remarkable amount of material to work from, ranging from epic poetry to political discourses. Within the confines of poetry and theater, a great deal of information can be extrapolated about society, including the contemporary points of view on women and their roles. This paper will argue that the female characters in the works of Homer, the Homeric Hymns, and Aeschylus, are portrayals of the contemporary ideal Greek woman and her insubordinate opposite. Examination of these characters begins with the “good wife,” in which the women of Greek literature take passive roles, “the bad wife”, the characters that take on aggressive roles, and an analysis of the Greek audience, and the messages they could have been receiving when experiencing these bodies of work.

Penelope unraveling her weaving

Penelope Unraveling Her Weaving. Detail of an Attic Red-figure skyphos, 440 BC, from Chiusi, by the Penelope Painter. Public Domain

The Good Wife
The Bad Wife

The Good Wife

Readers of Homer are drawn to the character of Penelope from The Odyssey when confronted with the imagery of a feminine ideal. The ever vigilant and faithful wife of cursed Odysseus is skilled at weaving and managed to successfully run the household prior to the invasion of the suitors. She is immediately portrayed as a good mother to Telemachus, and her virtue places her on a pedestal of Homer and his audience within the first pages of his work when she is described as “shining among women”.[1] Her diligence in waiting for her husband, despite the odds being against her favor, speaks very largely as to how the men of Homer’s time would have wanted their wives to be: virtuous, steadfast, motherly, and of course, one of the penultimate goals of Odysseus as he travels home.

Within the same construct, Nausikaä, the young Phaeacian princess who became enamored with Odysseus, demonstrates a naïve, if not rather sweet innocence of a girl that echoes an admiration for such traits in the story. Odysseus rejecting the proposal by her father, Alchinoös, was not a slight against the princess, but a praise of Penelope and the virtues that his waiting wife symbolized.  Nausikaä also demonstrates motherly attributes in her caring for Odysseus when she found him lying on the shore, and later, ensured that he had safe passage home.[2] The princess would make a wonderful wife, but not to Odysseus.

Virtue, fidelity, and motherly attributes are strong ideals once sought by Greek men for their wives, but submission was also important. Penelope may not have submitted to the cultural requirements of her station by either marrying one of the suitors or returning to the care of her father, but other characters demonstrate the subservience of women to men beyond the works of Homer. In the Oresteia by Aeschylus, both of the daughters of Agamemnon show an opposite side, if not an almost grim look at what may have been required of a woman in early Classical Greece when the play was penned, and prior.

The Sacrifice of Iphegenia. British Museum Catalog #1865,0103.21, copyright The Trustees of the British Museum

The Sacrifice of Iphegenia. British Museum Catalog #1865,0103.21, copyright The Trustees of the British Museum

An audience who witnessed a performance of Oresteia would not have known much about Iphigenia, the daughter of Agamemnon sacrificed to bring him luck at the Trojan War, but modern readers may find a great wealth of information within the act of the sacrifice itself. Aside from the play, Iphigenia has a great deal of interesting mythology surrounding her, including a mention of her by the name of Iphianassa in The Iliad.[3] The theme of her sacrifice was elaborated on by Euripides in his works Iphigenia at Aulus and Iphigenia in Taurus, though both deviate considerably from the story implied in Oresteia. If the playwrights had known of this tale through the tradition of oral history, this horrific act may have been commonplace during what could have been considered the Heroic Age, or Late Bronze Age. Otherwise, it could be no more than a literary device or tale of morality common during the Athenian times, when the audience could have found human sacrifice extremely appalling. However, the very idea that Iphigenia could have been sacrificed, in fiction or reality, means that women held a place in society lower than men. Agamemnon did not sacrifice his son Orestes—he chose his youngest daughter, the one who would probably not give him as much political leverage in a marriage as her older sisters may have. This left Iphigenia in a position of worthlessness, and the ideal candidate for Agamemnon to offer in sacrifice.

Agamemnon’s middle daughter, Elektra, is another example of subservience in women. Within the second play of Oresteia, The Libation Bearers, Elektra is seen pouring libations, or offerings of wine, on her father’s grave. During her lamentations, alongside her brother Orestes, Elektra states:

“And I shall bring you libations at my wedding, out of my complete inheritance from my father’s house; the first thing of all for my special honor shall be this tomb.”[4]

While praying to her father for justice of his own death, Elektra promises the Agamemnon offerings made on her wedding day. Not only is this strong evidence of post-mortem ancestor worship, but it also reinforces the position a women would have in subservience to her father, as Elektra offers to toast her father before all gods and men on what is assumed a very sacred day. Motherly virtues are extolled in Greek society, but the position of the father will always be above that of the mother and daughter.

The Abduction of Persephone

The Abduction of Persephone. “Painting vergina” by Unknown – [1]. Licensed under Public Domain via Wikimedia Commons.

Spousal virtues within the confines of the divine can be examined in some of the goddesses of the Greek pantheon. Persephone can make for a grim example. She was abducted to the Underworld by Hades, where she ultimately fell into the trap of temptation by eating the seeds of a pomegranate, which forever cursed her to stay by Hades’ side as his wife for the fallow season, as enforced by Persephone’s father Zeus.[5] The acts of the gods may not have held true with crimes of the Greek world, but Persephone had to abide by the wishes of her father, despite the forced nature of her marriage and her mother, Demeter’s, contestation. This again places the role of women subservient to the whims of the patriarchy. Persephone accepts her role of Queen of the Underworld without complaint, and becomes a virtuous wife who is mindful of her duties. Homer wrote of this in The Odyssey when he referred to her as the “revered Persephone” when he is sent to visit Teiresias in the underworld, the philosopher who Persephone granted intelligence even in death, while the rest of the souls remained shadows of their former selves.[6] Therefore, Persephone can be seen also as an ideal bride, in that she obeyed her father’s commands of marriage, and fulfilled her duties alongside her husband without question.

The traits of a “good wife” in the world of the Archaic and Classical Greeks are portrayed in the characterizations of Penelope, Nausikaä, Iphigenia, Elektra, and Persephone. It was revered that women should be virtuous to their husbands, diligent and trustworthy, motherly, and submissive to their fathers and husbands, while understanding their roles and fulfilling their duties as queens, princesses, and goddesses.

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The Bad Wife

Clytemnestra is the ultimate representation of the opposite end of the virtuous spectrum as a character portrayed in Aeschylus’ Oresteia. She represents the literary trope of a “femme fatale”—a woman known for her cunning, scheming ways and seductive nature. According to Aeschylus, Clytemnestra may have been plotting to kill Agamemnon from the day he left for the Trojan War, either in retaliation for the death of her daughter, Iphigenia, or for the influence of her lover and husband’s political enemy, Aigisthus. Regardless of motive, Agamemnon’s return from Troy with the Trojan princess Cassandra as his war prize was undoubtedly the proverbial “icing on the cake” for the actions that would follow. Aeschylus’ story of the Mycenaean king’s murder at the hands of his untrue wife, and the coming-of-age tale of his son Orestes, places Clytemnestra in the position of villain within the plot of the trilogy. This is not a woman that the Greeks would have wanted to love, and surely the women in the audience of the performance would have learned this. Her seductive nature and treachery, which resulted in her own death at the hands of her son, epitomizes the Greek ideal of what a wife should not be in acting in a contrasting manner to that of her queenly peer, Penelope.

Helen and Menelaus, observed by Aphrodite and Eros.

Helen and Menelaus, observed by Aphrodite and Eros. “Helen Menelaus Louvre G424” by Menelaus Painter – Jastrow (2006). Licensed under Public Domain via Commons

Helen could very well be in a class all her own, but her actions are what forced the onset of the Trojan War. Her departure from her husband Menelaus, king of Sparta, for that of Paris, the prince of Troy, opened a figurative Pandora’s Box of blame. It was a woman’s fault; therefore, women are inherently evil. This is echoed in the Judeo-Christian creation myth in which Eve eats from the forbidden tree through temptation, and therefore she and Adam were cast from the Garden of Eden. Helen refutes this, when visited by Telemachus in The Odyssey, when she casts the blame on the goddess Aphrodite.[7] By blaming divine intervention rather than owning for her own actions, Helen can be either forgiven by the audience or questioned further on her honesty, which is what makes her example a difficult one to analyze.

By turning to the divine, further examples of “bad wife” behavior can be observed. This will examine Aphrodite, but also Eris, the goddess of discord, who in her own spite, caused the very Judgment of Paris to happen.[8] If divine intervention was the cause of Helen’s treachery, then Aphrodite, who was chosen by Paris to receive the Golden Apple, is more of a catalyst for war than Helen was. She is untrue to her husband Hephaestus, and takes Ares as her lover, as demonstrated by song in The Odyssey which appears to play off of Nausikaä’s growing feelings for Odysseus and provides a contrast in behavior as to what a good wife should be, versus the dangerous example of the adulterous gods caught in their infidelity.[9] For a woman, erotic love, or lust, is a dangerous emotion, and it is better to be virtuous and subservient than act as Aphrodite did with Ares, or her enchantment of Helen that started the Trojan War.


Aphrodite. Walters Art Museum. Licensed under Public Domain via Wikimedia Commons –

Even earlier than the influence of Aphrodite on Helen’s actions is Eris, the goddess of discord and strife. After being uninvited to the wedding of Peleus and Thetis, Eris that threw the Golden Apple in front of the goddesses Aphrodite, Hera, and Athena, to be given to the prettiest one of the three.[10] It could be contrived then, by the actions of Eris, that women could easily be the cause of strife. They would be provoked toward revenge, especially when faced with jealousy, as seen in the actions of Clytemnestra when faced with the jealousy of Cassandra.

The “bad wives” of ancient Greece were vengeful, seductive, and jealous creatures. These traits were viewed by the holders of the pens as negative aspects that women were apt to portray. Insubordination by women may lead to war and catastrophe, whether they are mortal or divine alike.

The audience witnessing these poems, hymns, and plays alike must have received interesting clues as to how to expect women to behave. Entertainment has a way of reflecting the perception of stereotypes. Women attending a performance of Oresteia may have been taught that insubordination will end up costing you your life, while submission to fathers and other male figures was the accepted method of behavior. Those that listened to the verbal performances of Homer’s epics would have learned not to be like Helen and get whisked away with the promise of lust, but to be virtuous and domestic as Penelope was as she waited patiently for her husband to return from war. Equally as important to note, are the roles that the goddesses may have played for Greek women as influential sources of proper behavior. A mother could teach her daughter that her place was to listen to her father and support her husband as Persephone did. They would also be reminded that Aphrodite’s infidelity came with a price, and that temptation and jealousy would cause reactionary behavior that would be detrimental to society.

In the popular bodies of work from the periods of Archaic and Classical Greece, it is surmised that women were expected to be virtuous, hardworking, submissive, and even expendable. Lustful, vengeful, and otherwise rebellious women were seen as dangerous, and an origin of conflict and suffering for men. Through the reading and studying of the works of Homer, Aeschylus, and their contemporaries, it can be understood that they portrayed women in their ideal and unideal forms of the period. Performance arts would have acted not just as a reflection of societal customs, but also as an educational tool in teaching morality to women of the period, so that they would continue to fit the ideals set out by characters and goddesses of the Heroic Age.
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[1] Homer, The Odyssey of Homer, trans. Richmond Lattimore (New York: Harper Perennial, 2007), 35.

[2][2] The Odyssey of Homer, pg.118.

[3] Homer, The Iliad of Homer, trans. Richmond Lattimore (Chicago: The University of Chicago Press, 1951), 202.

[4] Aeschylus, Oresteia, trans. Christopher Collard (Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2002), 64.

[5] The Homeric Hymns, trans. Michael Crudden (Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2001), 4-22.

[6] The Odyssey of Homer, pg.165.

[7] The Odyssey of Homer, pg. 72.

[8] Apollodorus: The Library of Greek Mythology, trans. Robin Hard (Oxford: Oxford University Press, 1997), 146.

[9] The Odyssey of Homer, pg.129.

[10] Colluthus. “The Rape of Helen.” Theoi Greek Mythology. Access Date:10/16/2014. http://www.theoi.com/Text/Colluthus.html.


Homer. The Iliad of Homer. Translated by Richmond Lattimore. Chicago: The University of Chicago Press, 1951.

Homer. The Odyssey of Homer. Translated by Richmond Lattimore. New York: Harper Perennial, 2007.

Aeschylus. Oresteia.  Translated by Christopher Collard. Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2002.

The Homeric Hymns. Translated by Michael Crudden. Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2001.

Apollodorus The Library of Greek Mythology, Translated by Robin Hard. Oxford: Oxford University Press, 1997.

Colluthus. “The Rape of Helen.” Theoi Greek Mythology. Access Date:10/16/2014. http://www.theoi.com/Text/Colluthus.html.

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Filed under: A&S Research Papers, Arts and Sciences Tagged: a&s, Arts and Sciences

Birka Tournament Results



Tournament results are available from the bear-pit style tournaments traditionally held at A Market Day at Birka.

146 heavy list (rattan) fighters entered the lists, fighting a total of 3,183 bouts. The overall top finisher was Sir Douglas Henry with 251 points. The next ranked finisher was Lord Arne Ulrichson with 226 points.

Complete Birka heavy list tournament results are available by clicking here.

78 rapier fighters entered the lists at A Market Day at Birka, and fought 1,094 bouts in total. The top finisher was Rowan of the Rose (Lady Millicent Rowan) with 107 points.  The next ranked finisher was Baron Therion Sean Storie with 99 points.

Complete Birka rapier combat tournament results are available by clicking here.

Filed under: Uncategorized

In Memorium: Mistress Rose Otter




Rose with Lady Zsuzsanna the Magyar late last year.

Rose (on the right) with Lady Zsuzsanna the Magyar late last year. Photo by Lady Raziya bint Rusa

Mistress Rose Otter passed away on January 29th. A longtime resident of Carolingia, Rose was well known in the fencing and arts communities of the East over the course of her more than 20 year SCA career. For many people, their first introduction to the SCA was Rose’s kind and generous presence. She leaves behind many who will miss her including her household, Sharc Pit, of which she was a founding member.

Mistress Rose was recognized on many occasions by both the Eastern Crown and the Barony of Carolingia for her talents and her service to the East and her beloved Barony. She was awarded arms at the first court of Tsurunaga and Genevieve in April of 1993 and was recognized as a companion of the Order of the Laurel seven years later at Pennsic XXIX by Balfar III and Luna III. She was also a companion of the Maunche and the Silver Crescent. She was given the Queen’s Order of Courtesy by Isabella II in 2003 after a trip to Tir Mara during which the airplane’s engines burst into flames and Rose helped keep the passengers calm, then took care of her Queen in the airport bar.  Rose was inducted into the Order of the Burdened Tyger by Darius II and Roxanne II for her work on an event at Pennsic for Their Majesties. In addition, she was a member of Carolingia’s Orders of the Perseus (for courtesy and skill on the fencing field), the Moon (for her achievements in the arts), and the Daystar (for service). A highly skilled needleworker and knitter, she shared her gifts with many, both by teaching and by giving away her work. She also published research on a recreation of A 16th-Century Style Knit Purse in Tournaments Illuminated in 2004.

We are pleased to share the following remembrances of Mistress Rose. We welcome anyone to add your own memories of her in the comments.  A memorial service will be planned for March. Letters of condolence to the family can be sent to Mistress Eleanor Catlyng, who will forward them.  They should be addressed to Anne McNulty c/o Lisa Goldthwaite, 579 Winter St, Framingham, MA 01702.

Rose on the way to her Laurel elevation.

Rose on the way to her Laurel elevation. Photo by Mistress Nataliia Anastasia Evgenova

From Mistress Alys Mackyntoich
One could talk about what Rose did in the SCA: she fenced, she sewed, she embroidered, she dabbled with anything that interested her. One of her greatest joys was making elevation cloaks for her friends. For Rose, anything worth doing was worth sharing. She was generous, immensely practical, and as dependable as the Rock of Gibraltar.

But none of these things really sum up the essence of the woman. In thinking about her all day today, the thought that keeps coming to me again and again is that Rose Otter was laughter. It was incredibly easy to make Rose laugh, but her laughter was infectious and always shared, never mean or harsh. Giggles, chortles, full belly laughs — she had them all and they were all wonderful. Her laughter animated her and made her beautiful.

Rose’s Laurel vigil was how Sharc Pit learned never to set up a vigil
so that the candidate could see outside of the tent, because the boys
went above and beyond themselves to make her laugh while she was
supposed to be seriously contemplating her future as a Peer. I can
still picture here sitting there in the tent holding back giggles
until she nearly burst. And when the vigil was done, she said that her
friends making her laugh helped take away some of her fears about
assuming the mantle of a Laurel.

Keeley von Aachen in her baby harness and the harness.

Keeley von Aachen in her baby harness and the harness. Photo by Dame Elayne Courtenay

From Dame Elayne Courtenay to whom Rose was apprenticed
Mistress Rose Otter’s skills with the needle and giving of herself is best illustrated in a gift I received from her.  Inspired by extant needlework and a baby harness for King James I (if I recall correctly back almost two decades since she gave me the harness), she cross stitched strips of linen and backed them with silk.  The strips were joined with rings so that the two smaller ones crisscrossed the child’s torso and joined the lead at the back. The fine detail can be seen in the accompanying photo of a section of the lead.  The hours that went into skillfully covering every inch of a fine gauge linen still astound me.  That she would give of her time to create a beautiful piece of needlework on a utilitarian object meant to be used to keep a toddler safe in the big wide world of Pennsic speaks to her giving nature.  The world is diminished without her skills and grace.

Rose in a lighthearted moment.

Rose in a lighthearted moment. Photo by Mistress A’isha bint Jamil

From Baron Aquel of Darksted Wood and Baroness Johanna Dudley
Aquel and I remember Mistress Rose for her gentle nature and generosity and for her many contributions to the barony during our time as Baron and Baroness of Carolingia.

Carolingia was her home, and we were all part of her family. She served as a fine example. It was important for her to do the right thing, and she did it with kindness. Rose spoke her mind with care and concern when it was necessary. She was quick of wit, with a sly sense of humor, and she was always first to offer a helping hand. She eagerly volunteered for many projects, teaching and encouraging others along the way.

A very skilled seamstress, at one time it seemed like she’d clothed the entire barony. She made and assisted with countless garments. She sewed everything from wee baby cloaks to protective fencing hoods. To this day, Aquel still treasures and wears several garments she lovingly made for him.

Beading and embroidery done by Rose for the Pelican cloak of Master Alexandre Lerot d’Avignon.

Beading and embroidery done by Rose for the Pelican cloak of Master Alexandre Lerot d’Avignon. Photo by Mistress Eularia Trewe

Rose was also the head of the baronial Needleworkers’ Guild during that time, fostering her love of needle arts locally and throughout the kingdom. I have fond memories of sitting together to embroider on the Great Carolingian Tapestry project, which she often set up at Fenmere fighting practices and at local events. Rose also created a knitting traveling show, and was very generous with her time and patterns.

In my mind, I am picturing Rose, blushing scarlet at some merry jest, and giggling until the tears of laughter rolled down her cheeks. We’ll miss her terribly.

Filed under: Tidings Tagged: in memoriam

Pennsic University at Pennsic 45



Pennsic University is pleased to announce that it is once in again in business for Pennsic 45 and is accepting new teacher and class reservations.

As last year, please connect to Thing to begin the process of registering to teach classes.

If you taught in the last two year, your Teacher information should still be in the system, so you don’t have to re-register as a teacher, just update your availability and arrival dates, confirm your teacher and contact information, and create your new classes for this year.

If your classes are in one of the covered “tracks” submit your classes through Thing as normal.
If your classes sort clearly into one of the Tracks, You may be contacted by your track coordinator to make sure your request is adequately resourced.
If you think your class belongs in a specific track, but that in the ‘Scheduling additional’ field.

We look forward to seeing all our old teachers and students again this year and hope for big loads of new students and teachers to become old friends with for next year!

Information about Pennsic University can be found here.

staff list for Pennsic University, PW45:
Chancellor : Capt Elias Gedney
Point coordinator: Mistress Ciara
Registrar: THL Artemisia Lacebrayder

Tell us of any questions or issues you may have University this year.

We are also interested in any comments you might have about the book format we used last year.
Send your comments here.

Filed under: Arts and Sciences, Events Tagged: Arts, Pennsic, Pennsic 45

12th Night Unofficial Court Report



Photo by Baroness Cateline la Broderesse

Photo by Baroness Cateline la Broderesse

Thus it was on Saturday, 16 January AS L, Their Royal Majesties, Brennan Ri and Caoilfhionn Banri did hold court at 12th Night in the Incipient Shire of Midland Vale.

In the morning Their Majesties did call before them Alesone Gray of Cranleigh. She was sent on vigil, to contemplate elevation to the Order of the Laurel.

Simon Gwyn was called before King Brennan and Queen Caoilfhionn. He was sent on vigil, to contemplate elevation to the Order of Chivalry.

Much merriment was had by all, and then did Their Majesties reopen their court.

The following gentles were called before Brennan Ri and Caoilfhionn Banri and awarded thus:

Tombo no Tanaka – Awarded Arms – Scroll featuring illumination by Ellesbeth Donofrey, calligraphy by Mariette de Bretagne and words by Ryouko’jin of the Ironskies

Beatrice of Ostgardr – Awarded Arms – Scroll by Marieta Charay

Alesone Grey of Cranleigh – Elevated to the Order of the Laurel – Scroll by Shadiya al-Zahra with words by Alys Mackyntoich

Eric Gutermuth – Awarded Arms – Scroll by Æsa feilinn Jossursdottir

Medb of O’Donnchada (formerly Medb of Hawkes Reach) – Awarded Arms – Scroll by Æsa Lokabrenna Sturladottir

Thus it was that Their Majesties created the first members of one of their new Armigerous orders. They began with the first two companions of the Order of Apollo’s Arrow, given for prowess in Archery.

Alexandra Krakkensdottir – Apollo’s Arrow – Scroll by Heather Rose DeGordoun

Devillin MacPhearson – Apollo’s Arrows – Scroll featuring illumination by Elizabeth Lovell and calligraphy and words by Alys Mackyntoich

Thus continued the court of their Majesties, Brennan Ri and Caoilfhionn Banri:

Devillin MacPhearson – Grand Master Bowman – Scroll by Kayleigh macWhyte

Octavia Valeria Laevine – Queen’s Order of Courtesy – Scroll by Culann mac Cianain

Tysha z Kieva – Court Barony with Grant of Arms – Scroll by Jonathan Blaecstan.

Their Majesties proceeded to create the first members of another of their new Armigerous orders. They continued with the first three companions of the Order of the Silver Tyger, given for prowess in Heavy Armored Combat.

The first three Silver Tygers. - Photo by Baroness Cateline la Broderesse

The first three Silver Tygers.
– Photo by Baroness Cateline la Broderesse

Arne Ulrichsson – Silver Tyger – Scroll by Katrusha Skomorokh with Wood cut by Kataryn Mercer

Bric James Beech – Silver Tyger – Scroll by Culann mac Cianain

Tobiajasz Bogdanovitch – Silver Tyger – Scroll by Jan Janowicz Bogdanski

Thus continued the court of their Majesties, King Brennan and Queen Caoilfhionn:

Guiseppe di Salaparuta – Awarded Arms – scroll by Shoshana Gryffyth

Mathias Grunwald – Queen’s Order of Courtesy – scroll by Elisabeth Greenleaf

Eikaterine of Anglespur – Order of the Silver Crescent – scroll by Vettorio Antonello with words by Aislinn Chiabach

Kiena Stewart – Order of the Golden Lance – scroll by Lada Monguligin

Gabriella Handles – Awarded Arms – scroll by Magdalena von Kirschberg

So it was that Their Majesties created the first members of another of their new Armigerous orders. They continued with the first three companions of the Order of the Silver Brooch, given for skill in the Arts and Sciences.

Æsa Lokabrenna Sturladottir – Silver Brooch – scroll featuring illumination by Agatha Wanderer and calligraphy by Christiana Crane

Anastasia del Monte – Silver Brooch – scroll by Arden of Icombe

Ceara Fitzpatrick – Silver Brooch – scroll featuring illumination by Marieta Charay and calligraphy by Nest verch Tangwistel

The first companions of the new Armigerous order for service – the Silver Wheel – will be created at Market Day at Birka.

Thus continued the court of their Majesties, Brennan Ri and Caoilfhionn Banri:

Tullia Tranquilla – Awarded Arms – scroll by Eowyn Eilonwy of Alewife Brook featuring words by Æsa feilinn Jossursdottir and Latin text by Alisoun MacCoul of Elphane

Simon Gwyn – Elevated to the Order of Chivalry (knighted) – scroll by Eloise of Coulter with words by Aine the Fearless


Additionally, the following occurred during court:

Kingdom Early Marshal Jibril al-Dakhil issued a formal sanction of Mord the Green

Marguerite ingen Lachlainn requested assistance for SCA 50 Year display stuff

Alke, Courtney, Caleb, Emma, Richard and Carolyn were recognized for their participation in Her Majesties’ Children’s Service Initiative.

Arnwulf Aethelreding was presented with a personal token by His Majesty Brennan.

The heralds for this court included the following: Malcolm Bowman, Alys Mackyntoich, Ryan MacWhyte, Kayleigh MacWhyte, Donovan Shinnock, Anastasia del Monte, Yehuda ben Moshe, Jehane de Fenwyk, and Liadin Ingen Chineada


Malcolm Bowman – Eastern Crown Herald

Filed under: Court Tagged: 12th Night, court report